許多項目在代際護理計劃中找到了積極的因素,它被證明是一個神話般受歡迎的計劃。 研究還表明,繼續使用跨代關懷計劃有可能解決當今許多與兒童和老年護理相關的護理挑戰,更不用說在此過程中建立的友誼!

請看下面我們的朋友們談論的一篇很棒的文章。

adult affection baby 236164

一個新項目表明將養老和育幼結合起來會有很好的社會和經濟效益

當你帶一群年長的居民與幼兒在幼兒園中混在一起時會發生什麼? 拍手和唱歌只是他們一起度過早晨的一種方式。 這些相互作用是通過近年來在澳大利亞流行的跨代護理計劃實現的。

跨代護理計劃提供在相同的環境中,在短時間內為3至5歲的兒童和老年人一起提供照顧和社會支持。 這样做是互惠互利的。

跨代關懷計劃的廣泛實施有可能解決當今與兒童和老年護理相關的許多經濟挑戰,同時在鼓勵跨代建立關係的過程中增強教育和社會效益。

澳大利亞的跨代關懷計劃

儘管跨代關懷計劃在美國和英國十分流行,但是澳大利亞才剛剛起步。

 Intergenerational care gives older participants an improved sense of life purpose. Griffith University

Given changing economic, demographic and social pressures in Australia, there’s an increased need for quality and cost-effective care arrangements for both older people and young children.

There’s an anticipated rise in demand for formal care services associated with an ageing population in Australia. This is further compounded by an increase in people not having children, shifts in perceptions of family obligations for caring, rising divorce rates and rising female employment rates.

Accompanying the unprecedented demand for formal aged care services is the limited supply of such care. Finding appropriate care for both older people and young children in Australia is often difficult and unsuitable for the person in need of care or their carer.

The increase in demand for formal care services and the shortage of supply of such care highlights the need for alternative models. This includes models such as intergenerational care. But current intergenerational programs in Australia tend to operate in residential aged care facilities, lack a formalised program based on educational teaching strategies, and don’t keep track of or evaluate participant outcomes.

The Griffith University Intergenerational Care Project

The Griffith University Intergenerational Care Project focuses on trialling two models of care:

  1. a shared campus model where an aged care centre is located in the same place as a childcare centre

  2. a visiting campus model where childcare and aged care centres are located separately and one group travels to visit the other.

The psychological and social benefits of intergenerational care programs are well recognised. Griffith University’s Intergenerational Care Project is investigating the educational, workforce and economic benefits intergenerational care programs can bring to Australia.

This research is now well underway and is being conducted across four locations within Queensland and NSW. It’s conducted with older adults living with dementia and children aged three to five years.

In this program, older people and children meet for one hour each week over 16 weeks. They partake in shared activities designed to enhance engagement between generations.

Preliminary results suggest the reception of the program has been positive. Both younger and older participants expressed excitement and joy at being able to interact with each other.

Benefits of intergenerational care

Intergenerational care programs give children the opportunity to learn from and connect with an older generation, improve children’s behaviour and attitude towards older people, and enhance the overall well-being of both young and old participants.


Read more: Combining daycare for children and elderly people benefits all generations


Broader benefits

Community perceptions of older adults and ageing also tend to shift from negative to positive. This is especially important because older people want to be treated as valued members in society. Intergenerational care programs enhance the quality of relationships between ageing people and children, and challenge ageist stereotypes.

Intergenerational care programs create a strong opportunity to address ageism in society from an early age and challenge people’s assumptions about the contributions of people living with dementia or experiencing other forms of cognitive decline.

This is particularly important in Australia. It’s projected by 2050 about one million people will be living with a dementia-related illness. This represents an increase of 254% since 2011.

 There are also economic and wider social benefits of intergenerational care. Griffith University

Delivering intergenerational programs in one location is also attractive because of anticipated cost savings. Both aged care and childcare organisations can decrease total running costs by sharing resources such as skilled labour, learning materials, and buildings.

Our preliminary workforce interview findings suggest intergenerational care is a career path that interests staff. It also suggests creating a training qualification to enable this career path may address workforce shortages in both child care and aged care.


Read more: What happened when we introduced four-year-olds to an old people's home


Intergenerational care programs offer an effective alternative model of care in Australia in the face of increasing economic, demographic and social pressures. An extensive rollout of such programs has the potential to give families access to more, higher quality childcare, and helps older people feel like valued members of society.The Conversation

Anneke Fitzgerald, Professor, Griffith University; Katrina Radford, Lecturer, Deputy Director Research IBAS, Griffith University, and Lalitha Kirsnan, Marketing and Communications Officer, Intergenerational Care Project, Griffith University

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.